Facts about Ireland

Facts about Ireland
Ireland, the third largest island in Europe, lies to the northwest of continental Europe.

The western seaboard boasts numerous islands and inlets, and these are home to many migratory birds. The central plain, which varies between excellent farmland or bog and fen, is ringed by a relatively low-lying hilly coastline. Ireland's highest peak, Carrantuohill, lies in the southwest in Co. Kerry.

Due to its frequent rainfall and temperate climate, which avoids extremes in temperature, vegetation on the island is lush. However, the country is the most deforested area in Europe.

The Shannon, Barrow, Suir, and Blackwater are the island's longest rivers. The island has a rich and varied geology, probably the most famous being the karst region of the Burren on the west coast, and the basalt features of the Giant's Causeway on the north coast.

The country is home to just over 25 species of land mammal, over 400 species of birds, more than 4,000 plant species and 12,000 insect species, several of which now sadly appear on IUCN Red Lists .
Green Sod Ireland Protected Land County Map
Facts about Ireland Green Sod Ireland protected Land Co. Kilkenny Co. Kilkenny Co. Mayo Co. Mayo Co. Roscommon Co. Galway Co. Sligo Co. Leitrim Co. Longford Co. Cavan Co. Monaghan Co. Fermanagh Co. Donegal Co. Tyrone Co. Derry Co.Antrim Co. Armagh Co. Down Co. Louth Co. Carlow Co. Laois Co. Kildare Co. Offaly Co. Westmeath Co. Meath Co. Dublin Co. Wicklow Co. Wexford Co. Clare Co. Tipperary Co. Waterford Co. Limerick Co. Kerry Co. Cork
Land in Ireland
Population ¹ :
density :
76.29 person / km²
Republic :
density :
60.33 person / km²
N. Ireland :
density :
159.53 person / km²
Size ² : 83,739 km² (8,373,908 ha)
100.00 % of the land in Ireland *
Republic : 70,027,308 km² (7,027,308 ha)
83.92 % of the land in Ireland *
N. Ireland : 13,466 km² (1,346,600 ha)
16.08 % of the land in Ireland *
Farmland ² : 54,510 km² (5,451,034 ha)
65.10 % of the land in Ireland *
Republic : 44,431 km² (4,443,071 ha)
53.06 % of the land in Ireland *
N. Ireland : 10,080 km² (1,007,963 ha)
12.04 % of the land in Ireland *
Coastline ³ :
lenght: 6,331 km
100.00 % of the coastline of Ireland *
soft coast: 3,164 km
49.98 % of the coastline of Ireland *
at risk: 1,583 km
25.00 % of the coastline of Ireland *
lenght: 5,675 km
89.64 % of the coastline of Ireland *
soft coast: 2,935 km
46.36 % of the coastline of Ireland *
at risk: 1.535 km
24 % of the coastline of Ireland *
N. Ireland:
lenght: 656 km
10.36 % of the coastline of Ireland *
soft coast: 229 km
3.62 % of the coastline of Ireland *
at risk: 48 km
0.75 % of the coastline of Ireland *
Protected Land * :
Republic: 78 nature reserves, 424 SACs, 135 SPAs,
1287 NHAs, 6 national parks, 445 Natura 2000
sites, 68 wildfowl sanctuaries, 7 refuges
for fauna, 45 Ramsar sites, 2 UNESCO World
Heritage sites, 2 UNESCO biospheres,
14 biogenetic reserves.
N. Ireland: 56 SACs, 15 SPAs, 230 ASSIs, 14 LNRs,
49 NNRs, 9 parks/ countryside centres,
6 RSPB nature reserves, 20 Ramsar sites,
1 UNESCO World Heritage site
Wildlife in Ireland
Special Wildlife *:
Flora: Killarney fern, marsh saxifrage
Fauna: lesser horseshoe bat, pipistrelle, common kingfisher, Greenland goose, whooper swan, pine marten, fox, hedgehog, badger, marsh fritillary
Molluscs: Kerry slug
Marine: Killarney shad, lampreys
Endangered species *:
Flora: Irish Lady's-tresses, serrated wintergreen, meadow saffron, cottonweed, meadow saxifrage, rough poppy
Fauna: corncrake, hen harrier, grey partridge, barn owl, yellowhammer, lapwing, curlew, nightjar, golden plover, ring ouzel, common scoter, red-necked phalarope, little tern, roseate tern, chough, snipe, redshank, twite, natterjack toad, red squirrel, Irish hare, otter
Molluscs: Vertigo angustior, V. moulinsiana, V. geyeri
Marine: freshwater pearl mussel, Nore freshwater pearl mussel, twaite shad, pollan, Atlantic salmon, crayfish

¹ ² ³ * Click here to see Sources.