Facts about County Fermanagh

Facts about Co. Fermanagh
The River Erne, which winds through the middle of the county, expands into an extensive, island-studded lake which splits into two parts - Upper and Lower Lough Erne.
It is the only county in Ireland through which you can travel the complete distance between its furthest extremities entirely by boat.
Green Sod Ireland Protected Land County Map (small)
Facts about Ireland Green Sod Ireland protected Land Co. Kilkenny Co. Kilkenny Co. Mayo Co. Mayo Co. Roscommon Co. Galway Co. Sligo Co. Leitrim Co. Longford Co. Cavan Co. Monaghan Co. Fermanagh Co. Donegal Co. Tyrone Co. Derry Co.Antrim Co. Armagh Co. Down Co. Louth Co. Carlow Co. Laois Co. Kildare Co. Offaly Co. Westmeath Co. Meath Co. Dublin Co. Wicklow Co. Wexford Co. Clare Co. Tipperary Co. Waterford Co. Limerick Co. Kerry Co. Cork
Land in Co. Fermanagh
Population ¹ :
34.02 person / km²
Size ² : 1,691 km² ( 169,100 ha)
2.02% of the land in Ireland *
Farmland ² : 1,232 km² ( 123,240 ha)
1.47 % of the land in Ireland *
Coastline ³ : 0 km
0 % of the Coastline of Ireland *
Protected Land * :
There are 12 SACs, 3 SPAs, 9 nature reserves, 6 Ramsar sites, 70 ASSIs, and 1 RSPB reserve.


Fuchsia magellanica

by Onenn

Wildlife in Co. Fermanagh
Special Wildlife *:
The county boasts the largest herony in Ireland and 8 species of native bats.
Flora: Cornish heath, marsh pea, bird cherry, bird's-nest orchid, early purple orchid
Fauna: pine marten, deer, little grebe, great crested grebe, mute swan, Canada goose
Insects: Carabus nitens, purple hairstreak, holly blue butterfly, wood white, brimstone
Marine: white-clawed crayfish, gillaroo
Molluscs: Bithynia (Codiella) leachii
Lichens: Arthonia pruinata, Arthonia muscigena, Arthonia ilicina, Arthonia graphidicola, Arthonia ilicina, Arthonia graphidicola, Arthonia anombrophila, Anisomeridium viridescens, Abrothallus welwitschii, Abrothallus usneae, Abrothallus parmeliarum, Abrothallus microspermus, Abrothallus bertianus, Arthonia vinosa, Arthopyrenia carneobrunneola, Arthopyrenia cinereopruinosa, Aspicilia cinerea, Bacidia absistens, Bacidia biatorina, Bacidia friesiana, Biatoropsis usnearum, Calicium glaucellum, Calicium viride, Caloplaca chlorina, Caloplaca chrysodeta, Caloplaca ulcerosa, Candelariella xanthostigma, Cecidonia xenophana, Cetrelia olivetorum, Chaenotheca brachypoda, Chaenotheca brunneola, Chaenotheca ferruginea, Chaenotheca hispidula, Cladonia digitata, Cladonia furcata subsp. Furcata, Cladonia glauca, Cladonia humilis, Cladonia incrassate, Collema multipartitum, Collema polycarpon, Collema subflaccidum, Cyphelium sessile, Diploschistes muscorum, Dirina massiliensis forma sorediata, Farnoldia jurana, Gomphillus calycioides, Graphina ruiziana, Gyalecta derivata, Gyalideopsis muscicola, Herteliana taylorii, Heterodermia japonica, Homostegia piggotii, Hymenelia prevostii, Hypocenomyce scalaris, Hypotrachyna Britannica, Laeviomyces opegraphae, Laeviomyces pertusariicola, Lecanactis subabietina, Lecania rabenhorstii, Lecanora horiza, Lecanora orosthea, Lecanora pulicaris, Lecanora sambuci, Lecidea plana, Lempholemma botryosum, Lepraria crassissima, Lepraria umbricola, Leptogium tenuissimum, Leptorhaphis epidermidis, Lichenoconium erodens, Lichenoconium xanthoriae, Lichenodiplis lecanorae, Lobaria scrobiculata, Marchandiomyces aurantiacus, Marchandiomyces corallinus, Megalospora tuberculosa, Melanelixia fuliginosa ssp. Fuliginosa, Melaspilea lentiginosa, Melaspilea ochrothalamia, Menegazzia terebrata, Merismatium discrepans, Micarea alabastrites, Micarea botryoides, Micarea cinerea, Micarea nitschkeana, Muellerella lichenicola, Mycomicrothelia confusa, Nephroma parile, Normandina pulchella, Opegrapha dolomitica, Opegrapha mougeotii, Opegrapha xerica, Peltigera leucophlebia, Pertusaria flavida, Petractis clausa, Phacopsis oxyspora, Physconia perisidiosa, Pronectria anisospora, Protopannaria pezizoides, Pyrenula occidentalis, Racodium rupestre, Rhizocarpon umbilicatum, Rinodina efflorescens, Schismatomma niveum, Skyttea nitschkei, Sphinctrina turbinate, Staurothele rupifraga, Sticta canariensis, Thelenella muscorum, Thelidium papulare, Toninia episema, Toninia verrucarioides, Trichonectria hirta, Usnea filipendula, Verrucaria calciseda
Endangered species *:
Cuilcagh Mountain has one of the largest expanses of blanket bog in Northern Ireland. The blanket bog exhibits a wide range of characteristic vegetation such as luxuriant sphagnum mosses, but dwarf-shrubs and graminoid herbaceous species dominate most of the site
Flora: green-flowered helleborine, bee orchid, mountain avens, cowslip, small-white orchid, intermediate wintergreen, holly-fern, yellow saxifrage, serrated wintergreen, narrow-leaved marsh-orchid, marsh helleborine, blue-eyed-grass, Irish lady's-tresses, fen violet, mudwort, melancholy thistle, swamp meadow-grass, globeflower, yellow bird's-nest, ivy broomrape, dense-flowered orchid, Meylan's pouchwort, turpswort, Irish rock-bristle, orange bow-moss, slender thread-moss, bud-headed groove moss, lesser tamarisk moss, olive earthtongue, trichoglossum walteri, big blue pinkgill
Fauna: common scoter
Marine: pollan, pointed stonewort
Insects: wallow diver, Kongsberg marsh beetle, hairy reed bettle, bereft scavenger beetle, sphecodes ferruginatus, sphecodes hyalinatus, Carabus clatratus, Trechus rivularis, Pterostichus anthracinus, Lebia cruxminor, dingy skipper, small blue butterfly, marsh fritillary, forester moth, pale eggar, small eggar, argent and sable moth, narrow-bordered bee hawk moth, wood tiger, sprawler moth, heather ladybird, cheilosia ahenea, small bluetail
Molluscs: plaited door snail, small amber snail, v. lilljeborgi, whirlpool ramshorn

St John's-wort, Trailing

Hypericum humifusum

by Onenn

¹ ² ³ * Click here to see Sources.